Front cover image for Phyto Principles and Resources for Site Remediation and Landscape Design

Phyto Principles and Resources for Site Remediation and Landscape Design

Currently, phytotechnology planting techniques are employed post site contamination to help clean up already contaminated soil by taking advantage of the positive effects that plants can have upon harmful toxins and chemicals. This book presents a new concept to create planting designs with preventative phytotechnology abilities pre-contamination, 'phyto-buffering' where future pollution may be expected with particular site programs. This is the first book to address the benefits of phytotechnologies from a design point of view, taking complex scientific terms and chemical equations and creati
eBook, English, 2015
Taylor and Francis, Hoboken, 2015
Online-Ressource (379 Seiten)
9780415814157, 0415814154
Cover; Title Page; Copyright Page; Table of Contents; Acknowledgements; Contributors; Preface; Foreword; List of icons; List of abbreviations; 1: Phytotechnology and the contemporary environment: an overview; What is phytotechnology?; The difference between phytotechnology and phytoremediation; Why do we need phytotechnologies?; Opportunities and constraints; The current state of phytotechnologies; Legal and regulatory framework; Designer checklist for phytotechnology implementation; Innovation applications; Biomass production; Phytoforensics; 2: Fundamentals. Short overview of plant functionsContaminant location: within soil, water or air?; Contaminant type: organic or inorganic?; Phytotechnology mechanisms; Phyto plant characteristics and installation considerations; Principles of phytotechnologies for organic and inorganic contaminants; Field application and challenges; 3: Contaminant classifications and plant selection; Organic contaminants; Petroleum; Chlorinated solvents; Explosives; Pesticides; Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs); Other organic contaminants of concern; Inorganic contaminants. Plant macronutrients: Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P) and Potassium (K)Metals; High bioavailability: Arsenic (As), Cadmium (Cd), Nickel (Ni) Selenium (Se) Zinc (Zn); Moderately difficult to extract: Boron (B), Cobalt (Co), Copper (Cu), Iron (Fe), Manganese (Mn), Molybdenum (Mo); Difficult to extract: Lead (Pb); Salt; Radioactive isotopes; Air pollution; 4: Phytotypologies: phytotechnology planting types; Planted Stabilization Mat (Holds contaminants onsite); Evapotranspiration (ET) Cover (Minimizes water infiltration); Phytoirrigation (Irrigates plants with contaminated water). Green (and Blue) Roofs (Minimizes stormwater runoff)Groundwater Migration Tree Stand (Pumps and treats groundwater); Interception Hedgerow (Intercepts and degrades contaminated groundwater); Degradation Bosque (Degrades deep soil contamination); Degradation Hedge and Living Fence (Degrades soil contamination); Degradation Cover (Degrades surface soil contamination); Extraction Plots (Extracts contaminants for harvest); Multi-Mechanism Mat (Utilizes all mechanisms for surface soil mitigation); Air Flow Buffer (Traps air pollution); Green Wall (Treats air and water pollution vertically). Multi-Mechanism Buffer (Utilizes all mechanisms for soil, air and water mitigation)Stormwater Filter (Cleanses stormwater); Surface Flow Constructed Wetland (Cleanses water); Subsurface Gravel Wetland (Cleanses water); Floating Wetland (Cleanses water); 5: Site programs and land use; Roadways and parking lots; Parks, open spaces, lawns and golf courses; River corridors and greenways; Railroad corridors; Light industrial and manufacturing sites; Gas stations and auto repair shops; Dry cleaners; Funeral homes and graveyards; Urban residences; Vacant lots; Community gardens; Agricultural fields
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