Front cover image for Theological turning points : major issues in Christian thought

Theological turning points : major issues in Christian thought

In this volume, Donald McKim traces the historical and systematic development of eight major Christian doctrines from early centuries to the present. Clearly written and amply documented, this introductory handbook features primary sources and extensive endnotes. It covers: the Trinity, Christology, Ecclesiology, Anthropology, Soteriology, Authority, the Sacraments, and Eschatology, concentrating on the decisive points in the development of the Church's theology. This book is well structured for use as a basic text
Print Book, English, 1988
John Knox Press, Atlanta, 1988
vii, 211 pages ; 23 cm
9780804207027, 080420702X
1. Trinitarian controversy: Who is God?
A. BIblical basis
God is One
God is Three
B. Backgrounds to Nicaea
Apostolic fathers and apologists
C. Turning point: The Nicene crisis
Council of Nicaea
D. Post-Nicene developments
The Cappadocians
Council of Constantinople
2. Christological controversy: Who is Jesus Christ?
A. Biblical basis
B. Backgrounds to Chalcedon
Early trends
Apologists and second-century theologians
Justin Martyr
Melito of Sardis and Irenaeus
Tertullian and Origen
Arius and Nicaea
Cappadocian reaction
Antiochene Christology: Theodore of Mopsuestia
C. Turning point: The Chalcedonian crisis
Cyril of Alexandria
From Ephesus to Eutyches
Leo I
The Chalcedonian formula
D. Aftermath of Chalcedon
3. Ecclesiological controversy: What is the church?
A. Biblical basis
B. Early ecclesiology
Apostolic fathers
C. Turning point: The question of the lapsed
Cyprian and Novatian
D. Turning point: The mystical body
E. After Augustine. 4. Anthropological controversy: What is humanity?
A. Biblical basis
Old Testament perspectives
New Testament perspectives
B. Anthropology East and West
Early anthropology
Clement and Origen
Fourth and fifth centuries
Athanasius and the East
Ambrose and the West
C. Turning point: Pelagius and Augustine
D. What is humanity?
5. Soteriological controversy: How are we saved?
A. Biblical basis
B. Salvation in the early church
Salvation as illumination: Apostolic fathers and apologists
Salvation as restoration: Irenaeus
Salvation as satisfaction: Tertullian
Salvation as victory: Origen
Salvation as deification: Athanasius and the Eastern theologians
C. Turning point: Augustine and Pelagius
Salvation as justification
Continuing controversies and the Synod of Orange
D. Turning point: Luther and Trent
Luther and salvation
Trent and salvation
E. Divergences and convergences
6. Authority controversy: Where is authority?
A. Biblical basis
B. Sources of authority in the early church
Canon: Old and New Testaments
Creeds and Councils
Church leadership
C. Authority in the Middle Ages
Growth of the papacy
Scripture and tradition
D. Turning point: Calvin and Catholicism
Calvin and authority
Catholicism and authority
E. Later developments
7. Sacramental controversy: What are the sacraments? What is baptism?
A. The nature of the sacraments
Biblical basis
Sacramental terminology
The number of sacraments
The definition of sacraments
B. Baptism
Biblical basis
Baptism in the early church
Baptism in the Middle Ages
Baptism in the Reformation. 8. Sacramental controversy: what is the Lord's Supper?
A. Biblical basis
B. The Lord's Supper in the Early Church
C. The Lord's Supper in the Middle Ages
D. The Lord's Supper in the Reformation
9. Eschatological controversy: What is the Kingdom?
A. Biblical basis
B. Early eschatology
The Millennial Kingdom
The Kingdom in Augustine
The Kingdom after Augustine
C. Reformation eschatology
D. Later developments
10. Theological turning points today
A. Who is God today?
B. Who is Jesus Christ today?
C. What is the church today?
D. What is humanity today?
E. What is salvation today?
F. Where is authority today?
G. What are the sacraments today?
H. What is the Kingdom today?
I. Turning points today