Birthright citizens : a history of race and rights in antebellum America
Birthright Citizens tells how African American activists transformed the terms of citizenship for all Americans. Before the Civil War, colonization schemes and raced-based laws threatened to deport former slaves born in United States. Birthright Citizens recovers the story of how African American activists remade national belonging through battles in legislatures, conventions, and courthouses. They faced formidable opposition, most notoriously from the US Supreme Court decision in Dred Scott. Still, Martha Jones explains, no single case deined their status. Former slaves studied law, secured allies, and conducted themselves like citizens, establishing their status through local, everyday claims. All along they argued that birth guaranteed their rights. With fresh archival sources and an ambitious reframing of constitutional lawmaking before the Civil War, Jones shows how, when the Fourteenth Amendment constitutionalized the birthright principle, black Americans' aspirations were realized
Print Book, English, 2018
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2018
1 vol. (XVII-248 p.) : ill., couv. ill. en coul. ; 24 cm.
9781107150348, 9781316604724, 1107150345, 1316604721
Introduction: rights of colored men: debating citizenship in antebellum America; 1. Being a native, and free born: race and rights in Baltimore; 2. Threats of removal: colonization, emigration, and the borders of belonging; 3. Aboard the constitution: black sailors and citizenship at sea; 4. The city courthouse: everyday scenes of race and law; 5. Between the constitution and the discipline of the church: making congregants citizens; 6. By virtue of unjust laws: black laws and the reluctant performance of rights; 7. To sue and be sued: courthouse claims and the contours of citizenship; 8. Confronting Dred Scott: seeing citizenship from Baltimore city; 9. Rehearsals for reconstruction: new citizens in a new era; Epilogue: monuments to men.
Autres tirages : 2020