Front cover image for Paper trails : the US post and the making of the American West

Paper trails : the US post and the making of the American West

Cameron Blevins (Author)
There were five times as many post offices in the United States in 1899 than there are McDonald's restaurants today. During an era of supposedly limited federal government, the United States operated the most expansive national postal system in the world. In this cutting-edge interpretation of the late nineteenth-century United States, Cameron Blevins argues that the US Post wove together two of the era's defining projects: western expansion and the growth of state power. Between the 1860s and the early 1900s, the western United States underwent a truly dramatic reorganization of people, land, capital, and resources. It had taken Anglo-Americans the better part of two hundred years to occupy the eastern half of the continent, yet they occupied the West within a single generation. As millions of settlers moved into the region, they relied on letters and newspapers, magazines and pamphlets, petitions and money orders to stay connected to the wider world. Paper Trails maps the spread of the US Post using a dataset of more than 100,000 post offices, revealing a new picture of the federal government in the West. The western postal network bore little resemblance to the civil service bureaucracies typically associated with government institutions. Instead, the US Post grafted public mail service onto private businesses, contracting with stagecoach companies to carry the mail and paying local merchants to distribute letters from their stores. These arrangements allowed the US Post to rapidly spin out a vast and ephemeral web of postal infrastructure to thousands of distant places. The postal network's sprawling geography and localized operations forces a reconsideration of the American state, its history, and the ways in which it exercised power. "-- Provided by publisher
Print Book, English, 2021
Oxford University Press, New York, NY, 2021
Informational works
x, 232 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
9780190053673, 0190053674
The Gossamer Network
Geography and State Power
Stories and Structures
Postal Maps, 1860-1883
Mail Routes and the Costs of Expansion, 1866-1883
The Post Office Window, 1880-1892
Money Orders and National Integration, 1864-1895
Rural Free Delivery, 1896-1913
The Modern American State