Front cover image for Criminology for dummies

Criminology for dummies

"Learn to: understand the sociological, environmental, and psychological causes of criminal behavior ; appreciate the techniques law enforcement officers use to investigate crimes ; consider the methods that have been developed to solve and punish crime ; measure crime and identify the important points of criminal theory."--Cover, p.1
Print Book, English, ©2009
Wiley, Hoboken, N.J., ©2009
xvi, 368 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
9780470396964, 0470396962
About this book
Conventions used in this book
What you're not to read
Foolish assumptions
How this book is organized
Icons used in this book
Where to go from here
pt. I. Defining and measuring crime
1. Entering the world of crime
Defining the terms : what crime is and how you measure it
Recognizing the various costs of crime
Considering categories of crime
Figuring out what makes someone commit a crime
Waging a war against crime
Bringing criminals to justice
2. What is crime?
Understanding the two categories of criminal activity
Identifying elements of a criminal law
Linking criminal behavior to cultural mores
3. How crime is measured and why it matters
Gathering crime stats : how much crime is there?
Putting crime stats to use
Considering the costs of crime
4. Helping those in the wake of crime : victims
Looking at the historical treatment of victims
Identifying the impact of crime on victims
Pinpointing who is likely to be victimized
Expanding victim services in the 21st century
Observing the laws that protect victims' rights
pt. II. Identifying types of crime
5. Getting violent : crimes of force
Identifying types of violent crimes
Defining homicide
Attacking or threatening someone : assault and battery
Forcing sexual contact : rape, sodomy, and child molestation
Taking property under the threat of violence : robbery
Pinpointing causes of violence
6. Hitting you in the pocketbook : property crimes
Categorizing types of theft
Defining property damage
Looking at the causes of property crime
7. Dressing sharp and stealing big : white-collar crimes
Identifying types of white-collar crime
The challenges of investigating white-collar crime
Prosecuting and punishing white-collar crime. 8. A group effort : organized crime and gangs
Grasping the basics of organized crime
Obsessing over the Italian mafia
Identifying other ethnic-based organized crime groups
Looking at what organized crime groups do
FIghting organized crime
Getting an inside scoop on criminal gangs
9. Tracking a worldwide problem : the narcotics trade
The global workings of dealing drugs
Treating drug users
Preventing drug use
10. Front-page news : terrorism
Recognizing types of terrorist threats
Facing international terrorist threats
Dealing with domestic antigovernment groups
Focusing on single-issue terrorists
Fighting back against terrorism
pt. III. Figuring out who commits crimes and why
11. What factors lead to crime?
Noting personal characteristics that many criminals share
Looking at the impact of societal conditions on crime
Studying the impact of atmospheric changes
12. Regarding crime as a rational decision : rational choice theory
Taking a quick tour through classical theory
Calculating the benefits and drawbacks of crime
Creating rational deterrents to crime
Examining the limits of rational choice theory
13. Looking at society's role in crime
Introducing social disorganization theory
Studying strain theory
Considering social learning theories
Delving into social control theories
14. Can your mind or body make you a criminal?
Biological positivism : trying to link appearance to crime
Wrestling with the influence of genetics
Blaming the brain
Struggling with mental illness
Dealing with a personality disorder
15. Critical theory : theories off the beaten path
Labeling someone a criminal
Exploring feminist theory
Examining leftist realism : a response to law and order
Making peace
Seeking healing through restorative justice
pt. IV. Fighting crime
16. Battling crime at the local level
Keeping the streets clean : the players at the local level
Thinking about theories of policing. 17. Tackling crime at the federal level
Sorting through the alphabet soup of federal agencies
Coordinating federal and local efforts
18. Solving crimes : the process
Responding to a crime scene
Using special crime-fighting tools and techniques
pt. V. Prosecuting and punishing crime
19. Seeking justice : the players and their roles
Prosecutors : guardians of safety
Defense attorneys : guardians of liberty
Trail judges : overseeing the justice process
Appellate judges : setting legal precedents
20. Finding the truth : pleading guilty or going to trial
Keeping it local : municipal courts
Movin' on up : state court systems
Affecting the whole nation : the federal court system
Negotiating a plea agreement
Suppressing evidence (or not) : the pretrial hearing
Facing a jury (or a judge) : the process
21. Punishing the guilty : why and how society does it
Understanding theories of punishment and incarceration
Placing defendants in custody
Facing challenges in the prison system
Placing defendants on probation
Debating the death penalty
22. Examining the juvenile justice system
Taking a look back : the historical treatment of juveniles
Why juveniles are treated differently
Walking through the juvenile justice process
pt. VI. The part of tens
23. Ten jobs to consider in criminal justice
Police officer
Corrections officer
Forensic scientist
Computer forensic specialist
Crime and intelligence analysts
Probation officer
Juvenile counselor
Crime victim advocate
Legal or law enforcement secretary
Court reporter
24. Ten notorious, unsolved crimes
The JonBenet Ramsey murder
The Sam Sheppard case
The Zodiac killer
The murder of Robert Blake's wife
The murder of Seattle prosecutor Tom Wales
The D.B. Cooper hijacking
The Black Dahlia murder
The Jack the Ripper killings
The disappearance of Jimmy Hoffa
The murders of Tupac Shakur and Notorious B.I.G
Includes index