Front cover image for The NewMediaReader

The NewMediaReader

Noah Wardrip-Fruin (Editor), Nick Montfort (Editor)
This reader collects the texts, videos, and computer programs--many of them now almost impossible to find--that chronicle the history and form the foundation of the still-emerging field of new media. General introductions by Janet Murray and Lev Manovich, along with short introductions to each of the texts, place the works in their historical context and explain their significance. The texts were originally published between World War II--when digital computing, cybernetic feedback, and early notions of hypertext and the Internet first appeared--and the emergence of the World Wide Web--when they entered the mainstream of public life. The texts are by computer scientists, artists, architects, literary writers, interface designers, cultural critics, and individuals working across disciplines. The contributors include (chronologically) Jorge Luis Borges, Vannevar Bush, Alan Turing, Ivan Sutherland, William S. Burroughs, Ted Nelson, Italo Calvino, Marshall McLuhan, Billy Kl?Jean Baudrillard, Nicholas Negroponte, Alan Kay, Bill Viola, Sherry Turkle, Richard Stallman, Brenda Laurel, Langdon Winner, Robert Coover, and Tim Berners-Lee. The CD accompanying the book contains examples of early games, digital art, independent literary efforts, software created at universities, and home-computer commercial software. Also on the CD is digitized video, documenting new media programs and artwork for which no operational version exists. One example is a video record of Douglas Engelbart's first presentation of the mouse, word processor, hyperlink, computer-supported cooperative work, video conferencing, and the dividing up of the screen we now call non-overlapping windows; another is documentation of Lynn Hershman's Lorna, the first interactive video art installation
Print Book, English, ©2003
MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., ©2003
xv, 823 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm + 1 CD-ROM (4 3/4 in.)
9780262232272, 9780585481029, 0262232278, 0585481024
Perspectives on New Media: Two Introductions. Inventing the medium / Janet Murray
New media from Borges to HTML / Lev Manovich. Part I : The Complex, the changing, and the indeterminate. The Garden of Forking Paths / Jorge Luis Borges, 1941
As We May Think / Vannevar Bush, 1945
Computing Machinery and Intelligence / Alan Turing, 1950
Men, Machines, and the World About / Norbert Wiener, 1954
Man-Computer Symbiosis / J.C.R. Licklider, 1960
"Happenings" in the New York Scene / Allan Kaprow, 1961
The Cut-Up Method of Brion Gysin / William S. Burroughs, 1963
From Augementing Human Intellect : A Conceptual Framework / Douglas Engelbart, 1962
Sketchpad : A Man-Machine Graphical Communication System / Ivan Sutherland, 1963
The Construction of Change / Roy Ascott, 1964
A File Structure for the Complex, the Changing, and the Indeterminate / Theodor H. Nelson, 1965
Six Selections by the Oulipo. A Hundred Thousand Billion Poems / Raymond Queneau, 1961 ; Yours for the Telling / Raymond Queneau, 1973 ; A Brief History of the Oulipo / Jean Lescure, 1973 ; For a Potential Analysis of Combinatory Literature / Claude Berge, 1973 ; Computer and Writer : The Centre Pompidou Experiment / Paul Fournel, 1981 ; Prose and Anticombinatorics ; Italo Calvino, 1981. Part II : Collective media, personal media. Two Selections by Marshall McLuhan. The Medium Is the Message, 1964 (from Understanding Media) ; The Galaxy Reconfigured or the Plight of Mass Man in an Individualist Society, 1969 (from The Gutenberg Galaxy)
Four Selections by Experiments in Art and Technology [E.A.T.]. From "The Garden Party," 1961 ; From 9 Evenings, 1966 ; [Press Release], 1966 ; The Pavilion, 1972
Cybernated Art / Nam June Paik, 1966
A Research Center for Augmenting Human Intellect / Douglas Engelbart and William English, 1968
From Software
Information Technology : Its New Meaning for Art / Theodor H. Nelson, Nicholas Negroponte, and Les Levine, 1970
Constituents of a Theory of the Media / Hans Magnus Enzensberger, 1970
Requiem for the Media / Jean Baudrillard, 1972
The Technology and the Society / Raymond Williams, 1974
From Computer Lib/Dream Machines / Theodor H. Nelson, 1970-1974
From Theatre of the Oppressed / Augusto Boal, 1974
From Soft Architecture Machines / Nicholas Negroponte, 1975
From Computer Power and Human Reason / Joseph Weizenbaum, 1976
Responsive Environments / Myron W Krueger, 1977
Personal Dynamic Media / Alan Kay and Adele Goldberg, 1977
From A Thousand Plateaus / Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari, 1980. Part III : Design, activity, and action. From Mindstorms : Children, Computers, and Powerful Ideas / Seymour Papert, 1980
"Put-That-There' : Voice and Gesture at the Graphics Interface / Richard A. Bolt, 1980
Proposal for a Universal Electronic Publishing System and Archive (from Literary Machines) / Theodor H. Nelson, 1981
Will There Be Condominiums in Data Space? / Bill Viola, 1982
The Endless Chain (from The Media Monopoly) / Ben Bagdikian, 1983
Direct Manipulation : A Step Beyond Programming Languages / Ben Shneiderman, 1983
Video Games and Computer Holding Power (from The Second Self) / Sherry Turkle, 1984
A Cyborg Manifesto : Science, Technology, and Socialist-Feminism in the Late Twentieth Century / Donna Haraway, 1985
The GNU Manifesto / Richard Stallman, 1985
Using Computers : A Direction for Design (from Understanding Computers and Cognition) / Terry Winograd and Fernando Flores, 1986
Two Selections by Brenda Laurel. The Six Elements and the Causal Relations Among Them, 1991 (from Computers as Theater) ; Star Raiders : Dramatic Interaction in a Small World, 1986
Towards a New Classification of Tele-Information Services / Jan L. Bordewijk and Ben van Kaam, 1986. Part IV: Revolution, resistance, and the launch of the web. Mythinformation / Langdon Winner, 1986
From Plans and Situated Actions / Lucy A. Suchman, 1987
Siren Shapes : Exploratory and Constructive Hypertexts / Michael Joyce, 1988
The Work of Culture in the Age of Cybernetic Systems / Bill Nichols, 1988
The Fantasy Beyond Control / Lynn Hershman, 1990
Cardboard Computers / Pelle Ehn and Morten Kyng, 1991
The Lessons of Lucasfilm's Habitat / Chip Morningstar and F. Randall Farmer, 1991
Seeing and Writing (from Writing Space) / J. David Bolter, 1991
You Say You Want a Revolution? : Hypertext and the Laws of Media / Stuart Moulthrop, 1991
The End of Books / Robert Coover, 1992
Time Frames (from Understanding Comics) / Scott McCloud, 1993
Surveillance and Capture : Two Models of Privacy / Philip E. Agre, 1994
Nonlinearity and Literary Theory / Espen J. Aarseth, 1994
Nomadic Power and Cultural Resistance / Critical Art Ensemble, 1994
The World Wide Web / Tim Berners-Lee, Robert Cailliau, Ari Loutonen, Henrik Frystyk Nielsen, and Arthur Secret, 1994