Front cover image for Sociology : the core

Sociology : the core

Covering the core sociological concepts, this book aims to apply the functionalist, conflict, and interactionist perspectives throughout, allowing students to develop an understanding of the major sociological perspectives and their applications to the topics covered.
Print Book, English, ©2008
Eighth edition View all formats and editions
McGraw Hill, Boston, ©2008
xxxii, 459, R-45, C-1, NI-16, SI-37 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
9780073528120, 9780071101769, 0073528129, 0071101764
Chapter One: Developing a Sociological Consciousness The Sociological Perspective New Levels of Reality The Sociological Imagination Microsociology and Macrosociology The Development of Sociology Auguste Comte: The Founder of Sociology Harriet Martineau: Feminist and Methodologist Herbert Spencer and Social Darwinism Karl Marx: The Role of Class Conflict Emile Durkheim: Social Integration and Social Facts Max Weber: Subjectivity and Social Organization American Sociology Contemporary Sociology Theoretical Perspectives The Functionalist Perspective The Conflict Perspective The Interactionist Perspective Using the Three Perspectives Conducting Research The Logic of Science How Do Sociologists Collect Data? Steps in the Scientific Method: A Close-Up Look Research Ethics Box 1.1: Social Inequalities: Tally’s Corner in the 21st Century (New) Box 1.2 Doing Social Research: Child Care Fatalities: Discovering the Critical Role of Social Factors The Chapter in Brief: Developing a Sociological Consciousness Glossary Review Questions Internet Connection Chapter Two: Culture and Social Structure Components of Culture Norms Values Symbols and Language Cultural Unity and Diversity Cultural Universals Cultural Integration Ethnocentrism Cultural Relativism Subcultures and Countercultures Social Structure Statuses Roles Groups Institutions Societies Box 2.1 Doing Social Research: Is Culture Unique to Humans? Box 2.2 Sociology around the World: Is Today Tuesday? That Depends on Culture The Chapter in Brief: Culture and Social Structure Glossary Review Questions Internet Connection Chapter Three: Socialization Foundations for Socialization Nature and Nurture Theories of Socialization Agents of Socialization Social Communication Definition of the Situation The Self and Socialization Charles Horton Cooley: The Looking Glass Self George Herbert Mead: The Generalized Other Erving Goffman: Impression Management Socialization across the Life Course Childhood Adolescence Young Adulthood Middle Adulthood Later Adulthood Death Box 3.1 Doing Social Research: Does High School Identity Affect Your Adult Life? Box 3.2 Sociology Around the World: What Makes You an Adult? The Chapter in Brief: Socialization Glossary Review Questions Internet Connection Chapter Four: Social groups and Formal Organizations Group Relationships Primary Groups and Secondary Groups In-Groups and Out-Groups Reference Groups Group Dynamics Group Size Leadership Social Loafing Social Dilemmas Groupthink Conformity Formal Organizations Types of Formal Organizations Bureaucracy: A Functional Approach to Organizations Characteristics of Bureaucracies Problems of Bureaucracy Conflict and Interactionist Perspectives Humanizing Bureaucracies Box 4.1 Social Inequalities: What Does Bias Come From?Sometimes, Almost Nothing Box 4.2 Students Doing Sociology: Compete or Cooperate? The Prisoner’s Dilemma Box. 4.3 Doing Social Research: Reality TV and Conformity: The Experiment The Chapter in Brief: Social Groups and Formal Organizations Glossary Review Questions Internet Connection Chapter Five: Deviance and Crime The Nature of Deviance Social Properties of Deviance Social Control and Deviance Theories of Deviance Anomie Theory Cultural Transmission Theory Conflict Theory Labeling Theory Control Theory Crime and the Criminal Justice System Forms of Crime Measuring Crime Drugs and Crime Race and Crime Women and Crime The Criminal Justice System Box 5.1 Students Doing Sociology: Spit, Saliva, and the Social Construction of Deviance Box 5.2 Doing Social Research: Drink 'til You're Sick: What Explains Binge Drinking? (New) Box 5.3 Social Inequalities: Being Black Brings Extra Punishment for Crime The Chapter in Brief: Deviance and Crime Glossary Review Questions Internet Connection Chapter Six: Social Stratification Patterns of Social Stratification Open and Closed Systems Dimensions of Stratification The American Class System Is There Inequality in American Society? Identifying Social Classes The Significance of Social Classes Poverty in the United States Social Mobility Forms of Social Mobility Social Mobility and Status Attainment What Is Happening to the American Dream? Explanations of Social Stratification The Functionalist Theory of Stratification The Conflict Theory of Stratification A Synthesis of Perspectives Box 6.1 Sociology around in the World: Is Race the Basis for an American Caste System? Box 6.2 Doing Social Research: Income Inequality within Societies: A Look around the World Box 6.3 Social Inequalities: Why Do Doctors Deliver Babies? The Chapter in Brief: Social Stratification Glossary Review Questions Internet Connection Chapter Seven: Inequalities of Race and Ethnicity Racial and Ethnic Stratification Races Ethnic Groups Minority Groups Prejudice and Discrimination Prejudice Discrimination Institutional Discrimination Patterns of Intergroup Relations: Assimilation and Pluralism Assimilation Pluralism Racial and Ethnic Groups in the United States Hispanics/Latinos African Americans American Indians and Alaskan Natives Asian Americans White Ethnics Sociological Perspectives on Inequalities of Race and Ethnicity The Functionalist Perspective The Conflict Perspective The Interactionist Perspective The Future of Ethnic and Minority Group Relations Intergroup Relations Ethnicity Box 7.1 Doing Social Research: Teasing Out Prejudiced Beliefs Box 7.2 Social Inequality: Affirmative Action Affirmed by High Court Box 7.3 Sociology around the World: Model Minorities--Does Class or Do Values Spell Success? The Chapter in Brief: Inequalities of Race and Ethnicity Glossary Review Questions Internet Connection Chapter Eight: Gender Inequality Gender Stratification Sexism and Patriarchy Gender Inequality around the World Gender Inequality in the United States The Second Shift Sources of Gender Differences Gender and Biology Gender and Culture Gender Identities Sociological Perspectives on Gender Stratification The Functionalist Perspective The Conflict Perspective The Interactionist Perspective The Feminist Perspective Box 8.1 Social Inequalities: For Gender Equality, It Matters Where you Live Box 8.2 Doing Social Research: How Many People Get Raped? Box 8.3 Students Doing Sociology: “There’s a Totally Cute Girl Smoking a ___ing Cigar!” The Chapter in Brief: Gender Inequality Glossary Review Questions Internet Connection Chapter Nine: Political and Economic Power Power, Authority, and the State The State Sociological Perspectives on the State Legitimacy and Authority Political Power Types of Government Political Power in the United States Models of Power in the United States Economic Power Comparative Economic Systems Transition from a Command to a Market Economy The Power of Corporations The Power of National Corporations The Power of Multinational Corporations in the Global Economy The Control of Corporations The Sociology of Work Changes in the Work Experience The Significance of Work Satisfaction and Alienation in Work Box 9.1 Social Inequalities: What Oppression Teaches-- The Long Reach of Disenfranchisement Box 9.2 Doing Social Research: Stealth Democracy The Chapter in Brief: Political and Economic Power Glossary Review Questions Internet Connection Chapter Ten: The Family Structure of the Family: A Global View Forms of the Family Forms of Marriage Patterns of Courtship Marriage and the Family in the United States Life within Marriage Parenthood Two-Income Families Beyond the Traditional Nuclear Family Challenges for American Families and American Society Family Violence, Child Abuse, and Incest Child Care Divorce Care for the Elderly Sociological Perspectives on the Family The Functionalist Perspective on the Family The Conflict Perspective on the Family The Interactionist Perspective on the Family Box 10.1 Sociology around the World: A Wide Variety in Family Values Box 10.2 Social Inequalities: Family Backgrounds and Unequal Childhoods Box 10.3 Doing Social Research: Racial Diversity within Families The Chapter in Brief: The Family Glossary Review Questions Internet Connection Chapter Eleven: Religion, Education, and Medicine Religion What is Religion? A Global View: Varieties of Religious Behavior Religious Organizations Religion and Secular Change: The Protestant Ethic Adapting Tradition: Religion in Contemporary Life Fundamentalism and Evangelicalism State-Church Issues The Functionalist Perspective The Conflict Perspective Education The Bureaucratic Structure of Schools The Effectiveness of Schools Alternatives to Traditional Public Schools The Availability of Higher Education The Functionalist Perspective The Conflict Perspective The Interactionist Perspective Medicine The U.S. Health Care Delivery System Rising Health Care Costs: Is Managed Care the Answer? Alternatives to the U.S. Health Care System: A Global Perspective The Functionalist Perspective The Conflict Perspective The Interactionist Perspective Box 11.1 Doing Social Research: Is the Significance of Religion Declining in the United States? Box 11.2 Social Inequalities: Who Are the Uninsured? The Chapter in Brief: Religion, Education, and Medicine Glossary Review Questions Internet Connection Chapter Twelve: Population and the Environment Population Elements in Population Change Population Composition Malthus and Marx: Two Views of Population Growth Demographic Transition Population Policies The Urban Environment The Origin and Evolution of Cities Patterns of City Growth Ecological Processes: Segregation and Gentrification Urban Crisis: Cities in Decline Sprawling Urban Growth: The Rise in “Edge” Cities The Ecological Environment Human-Environment Interaction: A Closer Look The Functionalist Perspective The Conflict Perspective The Interactionist Perspective The New Millennium Box 12.1 Doing Social Research: Is Development the Best Contraceptive? Box 12.2 Sociology around the World: Toxic Trash? Ship It to Another Country The Chapter in Brief: Population and Environment Glossary Review Questions Internet Connection Chapter Thirteen: Social Change A World of Change Sources of Social Change Perspectives on Social Change Social Change in the United States Social Change in Developing Nations Collective Behavior Varieties of Collective Behavior Preconditions for Collective Behavior Explanations of Crowd Behavior Social Movements Causes of Social Movements Types of Social Movements Social Revolution Terrorism Looking to the Future Box 13.1 Students Doing Sociology: The Un-TV Experiment Box 13.2 Doing Social Research: Blogging Our Way to Intimacy Box 13.3 Social Inequalities: When Will Same-Sex Marriages Become "the Norm?" The Chapter in Brief: Social Change Glossary Review Questions Internet Connection References Photo Credits Name Index Subject Index