Front cover image for Segregation : a global history of divided cities

Segregation : a global history of divided cities

Hen we think of segregation, what often comes to mind is apartheid South Africa, or the American South in the age of Jim Crow - two societies fundamentally premised on the concept of the separation of the races. But as Carl H. Nightingale shows us in this magisterial history, segregation is everywhere, deforming cities and societies worldwide. Starting with segregation's ancient roots, and what the archaeological evidence reveals about humanity's long-standing use of urban divisions to reinforce political and economic inequality, Nightingale then moves to the world of European colonialism. It was there, he shows, segregation based on color - and eventually on race - took hold; the British East India Company, for example, split Calcutta into "White Town" and "Black Town." As we follow Nightingale's story around the globe, we see that division replicated from Hong Kong to Nairobi, Baltimore to San Francisco, and more. The turn of the twentieth century saw the most aggressive segregation movements yet, as white communities almost everywhere set to rearranging whole cities along racial lines. Nightingale focuses closely on two striking examples: Johannesburg, with its state-sponsored separation, and Chicago, in which the goal of segregation was advanced by the more subtle methods of real estate markets and housing policy. For the first time ever, the majority of humans live in cities, and nearly all those cities bear the scars of segregation. This unprecedented, ambitious history lays bare our troubled past, and sets us on the path to imagining the better, more equal cities of the future. -- Provided by publisher
Print Book, English, 2012
The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 2012
xviii, 517 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
9780226580746, 0226580741
Part I. Ancestries : Seventy centuries of city-splitting : Before race mattered ; The long shadow of the Ziggurat ; Segregating strangers ; Scapegoat ghettos ; Quarters for classes, crafts, clans, castes, and the sexes ; Ancient and medieval legacies
Part II. Color and race come to the city : White town/black town : Governor Pitt's Madras ; The rise and fall of American (and South African) segregation in colonial times ; Eastward connections ; The cross-colonial color connection ; Color before race
Race and the London-Calcutta connection : The modern way to split a city ; How London conquered and divided Calcutta ; Race and the imperial city ; The London-Calcutta sanitation connection ; The West End-White Town connection ; London's Calcutta problem
Part III. Surges of segregation in the colonies : The stations Raj : Paradoxes of detachment and dependence ; Beyond Calcutta ; Stations of the empire ; "Bring your cities and stations within the pale of civilization" ; Stations for sale? ; Beyond India
Segregating the Pacific : Incomings and outgoings ; Segregating China's gateways ; Two tides in the Pacific ; Segregating all oceans
Segregation mania : A call to all continents ; The germ theory of segregation ; Segregation sails East with the plague ; Hunting rats, fleas, and mosquitoes in Africa ; The high tide of segregation mania ; The long end of the craze ; Legacies of the mania
The outer limits of colonial urbanism : Imperial monuments, imperial tombstones ; French connections ; A French Calcutta? ; Planet Haussmann ; Splitting cities, beaux-arts style ; Sunset at New Delhi ; A bitter epitaph
Part IV. The archsegregationists : The multifarious segregation of Johannesburg : Archsegregationism and the wider world ; Squaring race and civilization ; A keystone of global Anglo-Saxondom ; The birth of "separate development" ; From labor control to "influx control" ; Grandparents of the group areas
The furies fly in the settlers' city : Arrogance and its agonies ; The intimacies of race war ; They will buy us out of the country ; Pandora's segregationism ; The birth pangs of nation-state segregation
Camouflaging the color line in Chicago : A subtler sort of segregation? ; Segregating the United States ; Jim-Crowing the neighborhoods ; Segregation by profiteer, protective association, and pogrom ; A time for camouflage ; The "iron ring"?
Segregation at the extremes : Split cities and the global cataclysm ; Hitler's "death boxes" ; A new deal for America's color lines ; The sinister synthesis of apartheid
Part V. Fragmented legacies : Outflanking a global revolution : Age of liberation, age of apocalypse ; Have ghettos gone global? ; Postcolonial and neocolonial city-splitting ; A new century of settler segregation?
Epilogue : People, the planet, and segregated cities