Front cover image for Personal protective equipment for chemical, biological, and radiological hazards : design, evaluation, and selection

Personal protective equipment for chemical, biological, and radiological hazards : design, evaluation, and selection

Personal protective equipment (PPE) is critical for those dealing with toxic, infectious, and radioactive materials. An easily accessible guide for professionals and researchers in all PPE fields, this book takes a fresh look at how PPE is designed, selected, and used in today's emergency response environment where users may need to be protected against deliberately used chemical, biological, or radiological agents in terrorism or warfare scenarios as well as more traditional hazards. Covering the physics, chemistry, and physiology of these hazards, the book explains how PPE protects from various forms of hazards as well as how to use this information to select PPE against these highly hazardous substances for first responder or military users. The design of PPE and components plus relevant performance and evaluation standards are also discussed
eBook, English, ©2012
Wiley, Hoboken, New Jersey., ©2012
1 online resource
9781118422915, 9781118422960, 9781118423028, 9781118422991, 9780470165584, 9781283645287, 1118422910, 1118422961, 111842302X, 1118422996, 0470165588, 1283645289
PERSONAL PROTECTIVEEQUIPMENT FORCHEMICAL, BIOLOGICAL, AND RADIOLOGICALHAZARDS; Contents; Acknowledgments; 1 Introduction to CBRN Protection; 1.1 What Is CBRN PPE and Why Is It Used?; 1.2 What Are CBRN Agents?; 1.3 Context of Use as It Relates to Design, Selection, and Performance; 1.4 Acquiring Equipment; 1.4.1 How Not to Do It; 1.4.2 Stage 1: Prior to the Design and Procurement Cycle; 1.4.3 Stage 2: At the Time of Decision to Procure New PPE; 1.4.4 Stage 3: Off-the-Shelf Procurement; 1.4.5 Stage 4: Development Program; 2 Hazardous Substances; 2.1 General Overview of Agents 2.2 Dose and Exposure2.3 Routes of Entry; 2.4 Forms of Agent Leading to Exposure; 2.4.1 Airborne Hazards; 2.4.2 Contact Hazards; 2.4.3 Radiation Hazards; 2.5 Effects of Hazardous Materials; 2.5.1 Local vs. Systemic Effects; 2.5.2 Acute, Chronic, and Long-Term Effects; 2.6 Chemical Hazards; 2.6.1 Chemical Warfare Agents and Their Classification; 2.6.2 Respiratory Hazards; 2.6.3 Ocular Hazards; 2.6.4 Dermal Hazards; 2.6.5 Ingestion Hazards; 2.6.6 Dissemination of Chemicals and Types of Events; 2.7 Biological Hazards; 2.7.1 General Background; 2.7.2 What Makes a Potential Biological Agent? 2.7.3 Classification2.7.4 The Immune System and Infection; 2.7.5 General Properties of Microorganisms; 2.7.6 The Bacteria; 2.7.7 The Rickettsia; 2.7.8 The Viruses; 2.7.9 The Fungi; 2.7.10 Toxins; 2.7.11 Other Important Methods of Control; 2.7.12 Transmission and Dissemination; 2.7.13 The Agents of Concern; 2.8 Radiological and Nuclear Agents; 2.8.1 General Hazards; 2.8.2 Examples of Hazardous Radiological and Nuclear Agents; 2.8.3 Types of Short- and Long-Term Effects; 2.8.4 Route of Entry; 2.8.5 Dissemination; 2.9 Summary of Dissemination of CBRN Agents; 2.9.1 Methods of Dissemination 2.9.2 Persistency and Environmental Effects2.9.3 Summary of CBRN Hazards and Their Location; 3 Setting High-Level Requirements; 3.1 Defining Concepts of Operations; 3.2 Military Operations; 3.2.1 Concept of Operations; 3.2.2 Military User Groups; 3.3 Domestic Response; 3.3.1 Concept of Operations; 3.3.2 Domestic User Groups; 3.4 Hazard Assessment; 3.4.1 General Comments; 3.4.2 Scenarios and Modeling; 3.4.3 Conditions of Use; 3.4.4 Limits to Operations; 3.5 Exposure Limits; 3.5.1 General; 3.5.2 Chemical Exposure; 3.5.3 Radiation Exposure; 3.5.4 Biological Agent Exposure 3.6 Human Factors and Task Requirements3.7 Examples of High-Level Requirements Development Discussions; 3.7.1 Coroners, Medical Examiners, and Pathologists; 3.7.2 Law Enforcement; 4 Designing for Appropriate Protection and Performance; 4.1 The Hazard; 4.1.1 Airborne Hazards; 4.1.2 Contact Hazards; 4.1.3 Protection Priorities and Issues Related to the Hazard; 4.2 Mechanisms of Protection; 4.2.1 Barrier Materials and Hardening; 4.2.2 Air Purification Processes; 4.2.3 Airflow and Overpressure; 4.3 Human Factors; 4.3.1 General; 4.3.2 Thermophysiology; 4.3.3 Breathing and Respiratory Physiology